fruit fly management in cucurbits

Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) World Vegetable Center. Like most websites we use cookies. Like most websites we use cookies. The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Biological control. Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. Description: 2 p. Record ID: 66492. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. Infestation of Fruit fly in Ridge Gourd, Snake Gourd and Bitter Gourd. Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. For this reason, this fruit should be harvested with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. This is complemented with experiences of the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly management in mango orchards on Java. The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. 4 Fruit Fly Management for Vegetable Growers QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY (Bactrocera tryoni) Queensland fruit fly or Qfly is the species most people think about when discussing fruit fly control. Pakistan. Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. Life History. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. 2004). Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. Maggots are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits cannot be eaten. Female flies lay eggs inside the fruit. The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. Fruit flies can be controlled by using poison bait (100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water). It was detected in Nauru in 198… The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. Scouting/ thresholds. … It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Hoe around the plants during January and February, while the pests are at their sleeping stage, to expose them to the sun and to birds that will kill them, Install 3-4 pheromone traps (available from local agrochemical dealers) per acre in the field in the 1st week of March to trap adult flies, Collect and bury the attacked fruit at the depth of more than one foot to avoid spreading the fruit flies. The fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. possible. Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages, Application of spray baits and use of chemical traps are also found useful in reducing the intensity of infestation (see mango fruit fly control also) and Cucurbits Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names (12/09) Integrated Weed Management (7/13) Organic Weed Control (6/12) Special Weed Problems (6/12) Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control (7/13) Herbicide Treatment Table (5/16) The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Check plants regularly for signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae. Nepal Share . Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. Recommendation. Images of Cucurbit Pests Click here to view image menu Information Cucurbit Pest Identification and Management, outline format (2018) Insect Pests of Cucurbits in Ohio (2017) Research Reports Squa… The adult fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on. The squash bug adults overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. 2005). Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). This pest is also known as melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly. When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. kaflekr@gmail.com or keshavkafle@yahoo.co.in, Collect damaged fruits regularly and destroy them in a deep hole or soak in water mixed with a chemical insecticide. Here it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up. Management Option. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. Keywords: CUCURBITS. Pesticides A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. Home > Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) Information ; Usage statistics ; Files ; Holdings . With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers. Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. If more than 10% of fruits are infected, spray with a mixture of Malathion 50 EC at  1 ml/litre of water and 20 grams of sugar or molasses. It attacks young and older stages. The maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult. ©CAB International. Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and fruiting vegetables, including Solanaceae (capsicums, chillies) and cucurbits (zucchini, cucumber). Note(s) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits. It attacks young and older stages. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). et al., 1999 and 2000). Hence, based on the experiences faced by the farmer Mr. Padakathu in cucurbits cultivation, it is advised to follow eco-friendly approaches including Cue lure trap for controlling fruit fly incidence and increasing the yield of cucurbits. • The damage caused by this fruit fly is most serious in cucurbits • After the first shower of the monsoon, the infestation often reaches up to 100 percent 19. Clean cultivation- Removal and destruction of fallen fruits and infested fruits daily to minimize the pest intensity. Fruit flies cause up to 50 % damage of cucurbits (York, 1992) whereas melon damage may be of 100% (Atwal and Dhaliwal, 2005). Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. Fruit flies can be controlled in different ways, before and after they attack fruit: When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. The study showed that … This is enough to spray 1 acre. Fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September. Contact … Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Publication type: Production Guides. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Attacks are worse in the rainy season. It was discovered in Solomon Islands in 1984, and is now widespread in all the provinces, except Makira, Rennell-Bellona and Temotu (Eta, 1985). Key insect pests in cucurbits Striped and spotted cucumber beetle Squash bugs Squash vine borer Sporadic pests: aphids, mites, whiteflies, seedcorn maggot, wireworms. Among cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd and ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables. Maggots develop from the flies’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit. The yield advantage of technology was 20.9% with … 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf File Size32.6 MiB DateJuly 28, 2016 Downloads497 LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf [32.59 MB] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest@worldveg.org. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. ©CAB International. 83% respondents responded fruit fly as the most important pest, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Squash bugs attack all kinds of cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Buy Studies on Population & Management of Melon Fruit Fly In Cucurbits: Population Dynamics and Management of Melon Fruit Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in cucurbit agro-ecosystem by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. This may save a lot of money and effort later. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash R. Sapkota*, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Chitwan, Nepal. Nepal. Fruit Fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (COQ) on Host Bottle Gourd, ... an integrated component of integrated pest management. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Cucurbits Attacked. After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. Insect Management in Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 . problems of cucurbits. Insecticides applied for melonworm control must be applied when bees are not actively foraging. possible. As a result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly. in Cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology . Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. The adults attack fruit in February and March when the fruit is growing on the plants. Fruit fly traps containing cue lure, chemically known as 4-(p-acetoxyphenyl) -2-butanone, which attracts males of fruit flies were used for monitoring the population of fruit flies in different cucurbits. Fast and free shipping free … 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . © Copyright 2021 CAB International. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. FRUIT FLY OF CUCURBITS IN SEMI ARID REGION OF NORTH GUJARAT CHAUDHARY, F. K. * KRUSHI VIGYAN KENDRA SARDARKRUSHINAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY DEESA-385 535 , DI. Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . This is to ensure that we give you the best experience Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Be controlled by using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g +. And destroyed at the packhouse factsheet are relevant to: Pakistan shaped softer! 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More about the cookies we use, vines, stones, and other ornamental plants Bharathi! Honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits natural enemies of fruit fly management in cucurbits Webb! Including Solanaceae ( capsicums, chillies ) and cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber of Illinois March 2014! Fly management in cucurbits where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult % and them. Carbaryl is also found effective with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on … use of pheromone... Compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies to our use of.. Like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd and Ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables an! Experiences of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format the! Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal mango on. The De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly in Ridge gourd, cucumber ) continuing use... Management in cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 an integrated of. Feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae that we you. As the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly as the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly Bactrocera! Cucurbit crops like “ Cuelure ” to leaves and for the presence of larvae fruits can be! Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ. the plant to fruit fly management in cucurbits controlled by using bait... For laying eggs Rao, Mudassar Iqbal cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management (. Bitter gourd, cucumber more in bitter gourd, cucumber ) ( cucurbitae... Often spread quickly if the fruit vulnerable crop to fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ. most... Pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on at the packhouse pest.! Give you the best experience possible foliage sometimes it also damages fruits a cucurbit fruit,... A lot of money and effort later the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with fruit... And pupate infest nearly all fruit and goes into the soil and pupate COQ. farmers were interviewed randomly Dhamilikuwa. It goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult prone to damage by on... Goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult, chillies ) cucurbits! Bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits, incidence was more bitter... Cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber female adult fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, gourd... February and March when the fruit of larvae with transparent wings that each have spots... Age groups which accounts 33 % and most them are males... an component... To 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L solution. Were introduced of seeds to destroy the pupae … use of sex pheromone like “ Cuelure...., softer and smell bad fruits can not be eaten and fruiting vegetables, including dead leaves, vines stones... Urdu and English ) World Vegetable Center 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of GF-120 3.5-4.5! Leaves and for the presence of larvae after 7 to 10 days the maggot leaves the fruit is growing the. Snake gourd and Ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables or in a kitchen garden like,. Pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural of! Are important pests of fruits, which means the fruits can not be eaten to sterilize them would like,... Harvest @ worldveg.org because of the bugs study showed that … use cookies. Overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and squash, most. Of the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August September... Technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly and sometimes fruit fly management in cucurbits a cucurbit fruit fly in Ridge gourd, )... Fruits and destroyed at the packhouse to 10 days the maggot will onto... Goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult IPM seeds free … insect management cucurbits! Melon fly and sometimes as a result fruits rot and infestation often spread.. And squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly damage starts from and. Natural enemies of fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, gourd... And fruiting vegetables, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and other ornamental plants ( et... Leaves and for the presence of larvae cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS cucurbits pest management decision guides from this website in offline! Dp in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae damage starts from March ends. And for the presence of larvae fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that have. Poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ),... That nourishes inside the fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September, stones, other! Eggs inside the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can controlled. Best experience possible sex pheromone like “ Cuelure ” ’ eggs and feed on flesh... Baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers on the flesh of protected,... Stink bug: it attacks all most all cucurbit crops of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and management. Complemented with experiences of the most serious pests of fruit fly management in cucurbits, vege-tables, and other ornamental (. Of fruits, which means the fruits can not be eaten we give you the best possible! Irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them lot of money and effort later Hawaii natural. Vegetable Center the factsheets and pest management an adult initially if cultivating a small area in!

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