ogun kafura pelebe

As the market value of wildlife has escalated with increasing demand and decreasing supply, there has been a marked shift in hunting motives from primarily for subsistence to purely for trade purposes. Costa-Neto EM: Animal-based medicines: biological prospection and the sustainable use of zootherapeutic resources. Located in the Southwest zone of Nigeria with a total land area of 16,409.26 square kilometres, it is bounded on the West by the Benin Republic, on the South by Lagos State and the Atlantic Ocean, on the East by Ondo State, and on the North by Oyo and Osun States. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The whole animal was employed to cure/wade off bad illness and sickness while [1] reported that the scale was utilised to cure skin diseases. Obviously, continued depletion of medicinal wildlife resources not only embodies a challenge for conservation, but more importantly represents a serious threat to the health status of human population [4, 13]. Situations accommodated included those that can be treated by orthodox medicine like rheumatism and venereal diseases as well as some that are out of range for orthodox medicine including kleptomania and good luck charms. Terms and Conditions, With no record of successful captive breeding or domestication yet, especially in this part of the world, the only source of this animal is from populations in the wild that are already fast declining due to over-exploitation for medicinal uses [7]. 2000, [http://www.wpro.who.int/health_topics/traditional_medicine], Marshall NT: Searching for a Cure: Conservation of Medicinal Wildlife Resources in East and Southern Africa. Ogun State is entirely in the tropics. Ao re sinu omi Ao maa mu. A TRAFFIC Species in Danger report. The conservation of medicinal wildlife resources will require conservation, management, awareness, regulation and research initiatives by a whole range of institutions. Gender distribution of respondents showed that 90% were males (table 1). Below are the links to the authors’ original submitted files for images. Eighty percent of respondents were aged between 46 and 75 years, 5.0 percent were above 75 years of age, only 15 percent were 36-45 years old while none of them was younger than 36 years as shown in table 1. Dr Gbemi May 3, 2020 Reply. In the present study, the scale was used for ejection of placenta in women after delivery but [3] reported that a whole female pangolin was required for the extrusion of placenta after parturition in women. Traditional-medical knowledge and perception of pangolins (Manis sps) among the Awori people, Southwestern Nigeria. It is very important for conservation groups to create adequate awareness as regards the implications of depletion of natural resources (flora and fauna) having known medicinal values. 3-5 Ogunda Oche : the spirit is standing in your door, Repugnance , Here the child wins over the parent, The menstruation is born. Hon. 2007, [http://www.onlinenigeria.com/links/LinksReadPrint.asp?blurb=574], Costa Neto EM: Traditional use and sale of animals as medicines in Feira de Santana city, Bahia, Brazil. The World Health Organisation (WHO) stated that traditional medicine refers to health practices, approaches, knowledge and beliefs incorporating animal and mineral based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises, applied singularly or in combination to treat, diagnose and prevent illnesses or maintain well-being [6, 7]. More than 92 percent believed that the availability of the animal in terms of its abundance is steadily decreasing with 5 percent yet to notice any difference in this trend. All rights reserved. Imi ojo, ewe lapalapa funfun, ewe ewuro, Kafura pelebe, epo obo, ose funfun toba wuwa, omi agbon # SISE_RE aogun awon nka won yi papo ti yio kunna daada aowa po mo ose funfun any type you buy nio, aowa fi omi agbon ye po papo, aoko sinu ike funfun, aoma fi we laro laro, aoma fi … Although majority of its uses attributed to its scales and carcass, pangolins are also used in food as a supplementary protein source and as adornments [4, 7, 23]. Ogun State is entirely in the tropics. In addition to documenting pangolin scales as having the highest fidelity level, [25] also reported that South Korea imported a total of 29, 621 kg of pangolin scales valued at USD 471,000 from China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Singapore between 1993 and 1994 for use in the Traditional Korean medicine (TKM). Efforts should be intensified on ex-situ breeding of pangolin while subjecting the scales and other parts to laboratory studies to determine the bioactive constituents. Background Kafura pelebe (camphor) {C10H16O} is a chemical substance used mostly amongst the Yoruba ethnic group in Western Nigeria to treat infantile colic during early childhood. Soewu DA: Utilisation of Wild Animals in Traditional Medicine in Ogun State, Nigeria. Behavioral and ecological tendencies observed in the animal provided another guiding factor. The bioactive ingredients in some parts of this animal were responsible for some of their uses. Also the Ijebus will require a whole animal to prepare charms for breakthrough in business whereas the Aworis will employ the head and tip of tail for the same purpose. There is a need to educate the entire citizenry on the implications of a total loss of this specie as a result of over-exploitation for biodiversity conservation and health care delivery. Most practitioners fail to realise that if these animals go into extinction, the lives of people who solely depend on traditional medicine would be at risk and their own trade may be adversely affected. Also the environment may be in danger due to destruction of natural habitats and resources, and the resultant imbalance in the ecosystem. The scale of pangolin was used to take care of 15 conditions which include stomach ulcers, venereal diseases, stroke, back pains, rheumatism, mental illness and as antibiotics. Some points of divergence in utilisation pattern between Ijebus and Aworis were recorded as there were some similar situations that required different parts of the animal. [http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR], Helwig D: Traditional African Medicine. Data collected were analysed using simple frequencies and percentages. Table 6 presented the trends observed by respondents as regards the availability and size of pangolin. Pangolin is one of the mammalian species most affected [21]. 1994, 15 (1): 15-22. If the trend of utilisation is not addressed sustainably, the practitioners of ethnomedicine would be at a greater risk of extinction than forests and other biomes in a manner akin to the current spasm of plant and animal extinction [14]. Throughout human history, and in practically every human culture which presents a structured medical system, animals have been used as medicinal resources for the treatment and relieve of a wide variety of human health challenges [1]. Other substitute animals are not yet listed. 10 ways to prevent heart disease. NO! By using this website, you agree to our Various aspects of the utilisation of pangolin in traditional medicinal practices were investigated. Iwaju and Oriki Ogun. This practice of treating human diseases by use of therapeutics obtained or ultimately derived from animals is called Zootherapy [9]. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Ogun afato ao Wa egbo ogbolo tutu ati kafura pelebe ao fi oti ki ao MA yomu laro laro moki eyin baba mi moki eyin egbon MI awumi tie ba lefunmi ni iyonda kin matesiwaju Lori Ogun Fifi sile Ogun osole todaju ... egbo idi egbo ayin kafura pelebe. The study was conducted in Ifo, Ewekoro, Egbado South and Ado Odo/Ota Local Government areas in Ogun State, Nigeria (Figure 1) between December 2006 and March 2007. Some mythological conceptions about pangolin also influenced the use of some parts of the animal to treat some situations. 2009, 5: 39-10.1186/1746-4269-5-39. 1992, 19 (2): 125-134. This utilisation of animals in zootherapeutic practices has little or no consideration for the conservation status of the faunistic resources as protected animals are also used indiscriminately [15, 20]. Thorax was used to treat convulsions, unconsciousness, menstrual pains and in preventing or wading off rain. Parrot and python occupy the same position as pangolin on these lists. Gorilla is actually listed on schedules I and 1 of CITES and Nigerian Decree No 11 respectively. Several authors have also recorded a wide variety of animals and their parts in sales for other parts of the world. Journal of Ethnobiol and Ethnomedicine. About 43% of respondents contracted hunters for deliberate searches for the animals. Endangered Species Research. African Wildlife Fund (AWF): Pangolin. Located in the Southwest zone of Nigeria with a total land area of 16,409.26 square kilometres, it is bounded on the West by the Benin Republic, on the South by Lagos State and the Atlantic Ocean, on the East by Ondo State, and on the North by Oyo and Osun States. Indiscriminate use of endangered species portends grievous implications for biodiversity conservation. April 17, 2017 In Awo Falokun, Community, Ogun, Orisa By Awo Falokun. This means a steady demand for a natural resource whose population size in the wild has not been established to be either adequate to cope with present demand or expanding appropriately to cope with likely increased demand in future. Situations accommodated include those that can be treated by orthodox medicine as well as some that are out of range for orthodox medicine. A study in some markets in Isreal recorded 20 animal species which products were sold as traditional remedies [10]. Located in the Southwest zone of Nigeria with a total land area of 16,409.26 square kilometres, it is bounded on the West by the Benin Republic, on the South by Lagos State and the Atlantic Ocean, on the East by … Gidigbo: Yoruba Martial Arts (Part 1) Gidigbo: Yoruba Martial Arts Part 1 by Awo Falokun In traditional Yoruba the spiritual discipline of Ifa includes a martial art called either gidigbo, aki or akin. Posts Tagged: Ogun. Iwaju Ogun Agbo ato. The basis for traditional medicines and the primary ingredients used by the traditional healers are wild animal and plant species. Diversity of conditions treated and parts employed in this study are similar in some cases to findings of some previous studies on trado-medicinal practices among other peoples. Indigenous knowledge and development monitor articles. Cookies policy. Odumosu, M. Agbara Nbe Ninu Ewe Ati Egbo. The authors would like to thank all the Yorubic traditional medical practitioners interviewed especially Awise Hakeem Osijinrin, Chief S. Ishola Soewu and Late Apena Segun Ogunlana for their co-operation. EGBOGI JEDIJEDI (ogun jedijedi) egbo idi egbo ayin kafura pelebe. Journal of Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine. Article  It has an estimated population of 3,486,683 people for the year 2005 [7]. It also identified possible wild animal substitutes with their parts that could be used successfully in place of pangolin. Soewu, D.A., Adekanola, T.A. It is worthy to emphasise here that the scales cannot by any means be extracted without killing the animal. TAA participated in data collection during the preliminary and main survey and in drafting the manuscript. 1998. PubMed  Figure 1 The map of Nigeria and Ogun State showing study site. Ao re sinu omi Ao maa mu. Stratified random-sampling technique was employed to select the respondents throughout the study. 2007. Findings during this study show that it is either the respondents have a total lack of awareness of the existence and implications of Decree No 11, or they know that the law is not enforced. Unasylva. The report [24] stressed further that the general acceptance of zootherapy calls for an assessment of the impact of this healing method on wild populations. This stresses the need for restraint when advocating the use of substitute animals in traditional medicines to avoid creating more conservation problems while trying to solve one. Google Scholar, Kang S, Phipps M: A Question of Attitude: South Korea's Traditional Medicine Practitioners and Wildlife Conservation. While the Ijebus used pangolin scale to prepare antidotes for sexual and food poisons, the Aworis in this study utilised whole internal organs of pangolins for such preparations. All respondents opined that all the pangolins they utilised, notwithstanding the point of procurement, came ultimately from populations in the wild. Three types of pangolins exist in West-Africa: the giant pangolin (Manis gigantea), the tree pangolins (Manis tricuspis) and the ground pangolin (Manis temminckii) [22]. Tuesday, July 2, 2019 . agba eyonu epo obo kafura pelebe ori ao popo mumu ati fifi para nb:omo to ngbonan tabi nsunkun ti ako man nkan to nse lelo ao fi pa lara ao si fun die mu asi lelo filo si odo enian pataki odaju Table 2 shows that sixty-five percent of respondents had spent 26 years or more on the healing practice, with mean duration in practice being 30.75 years (x = 30.75, n = 40). Demographic data were also collected on the practitioners. Department of Biological Sciences, Covenant University, P.M.B 1023, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria, Department of Plant Science and Applied Zoology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago- Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria, You can also search for this author in Ao ma fi para. The thorax of pangolin was used to treat menstrual pain in this study but [25] reported that pangolin scales were believed to help regulate menstruation and stabilise breast milk secretion. This vulnerability of mammals to high incidence of utilisation reflected in some previous studies. 130Disclaimer: Every Nairaland member is solely responsible for anything that he/she posts or uploads on Nairaland. This might have stemmed from their attempt to safeguard the secrets of the healing art which is the only source of livelihood for virtually all of them and protect their heritage of several generations. Regarding the level of education of the respondents 22.5 percent had no formal education, 7.5 percent had exclusive quoranic education, and 55 percent had just primary education while only 5 percent had post secondary education as shown in table 3. Pangolin was used in treating 47 conditions. Forty traditional Yorubic-medical practitioners (tymps) selected through stratified random-sampling technique were interviewed using open-ended questionnaires. Ogun Speaker, Olakunle Oluomo has hailed the late ex-Majority Leader, who represented Sagamu I State Constituency in the 7th and 8th Legislature, Hon Yinka Mafe. 2008, 4: 1-6. All four African species are listed in Class B of the 1986 African Convention on Nature and Natural Resources while the three western African species of pangolins are protected in Nigeria under Schedule 1 of Decree No. As revealed in table 4 which depicts the source of the animal, 72.5 percent purchased pangolin from retail traders in the various markets, 25 percent bought from hunters while less than 3 percent cropped the animal directly from the wild. ao ge egbo lapa funfun ati pupa si ona 16,kekeke. PubMed Google Scholar. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Pangolin was used in treating a total of 47 conditions among the Aworis (table 8). Kafura pelebe, Imi ojo, sugar onikoro, oyin ojuda, ao lopo, ao po lose funfun oni paali, ao wa tu turari bintu, tabi dandu Allah, tabi saso rebia odidi kansi ao fipo ose naa ao walo kunna daada, ao ko sinu ike funfun ao ma fiwe laraaro A TRAFFIC East Asia Report. Durojaye A Soewu. 2011, 1-15. An average of 1.6 pangolins utilised per tymp in a month is beyond the sustainable level for this species which requires at least two years attaining sexual maturity, gestation period of 150 days and has a litter size of just one. Zootherapy on the other hand is an important component of ethnozoology, which deals with the study of relationship between the human societies and the animal resources around them [10]. Abere pupo ao pa pepe, alubosa ayu,kananfuru, kakandoro, kafura pelebe ao ki gbogbo re lagbo pelu omin ao ma yomu 6 Likes 1 Share Re: Alafia Logun Oro Itoju Topeye Ogun Ibile Todaju by kadunasouth ( m ): 11:10pm On Dec 20 , 2015 Danwo ajebida ni fun gbogbo arun. The iwaju are portals to the invisible realm called Olorun in the Yoruba language. Although pangolin is presently not directly under the threat of extinction, it is listed in appendix II of CITES and schedule 1 the Nigeria's Endangered Species (Control of International Trade and Traffic) Decree No 11 1985. This rate of utilisation provides a useful index of the cropping pressure on populations of this animal in the wild. While advocating that the medicinal use of animals be considered together with other anthropogenic pressures, [14] observed that rapid reduction in natural resources as a consequence of the expanded urbanisation, global warming and reduced natural habitat poses a considerable threat to the sustainability of traditional medicine. Majority of wildlife used in traditional medicines is taken from the wild; hence demand by traditional medicine is a cause of over-exploitation of wild animals. Some situations required a combination of pangolin parts. In addition to depleting the population of the animal, this practice may inadvertently promote destruction of the habitat during desperate searches, thereby exposing individuals remaining in the population to further risks [7]. Spices used include Iyere, sukuni, kafura pelebe, cinnamon, and other spices of individual choice. Of CITES and Nigerian Decree no 11 respectively as presented in [ 7 ] Aworis ( 8... Nigeria, 220- as pangolin on these lists scales to treat convulsions, but Aworis! Would utilise the thorax for same purpose Ntiamoa-Baidu Y: West African wildlife ; a resource in.... In their trado-medical preparations our Terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement, Privacy and. Olorun in the treatment of kleptomania with the eyes result from observed shyness the. Societies ( Egúngún ) lo pelu kafura pelebe, ao lo papo ao! Wild animals and their parts in the preference centre on populations of this animal in the wild is urgently.! 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Rural areas in Africa rely solely on traditional medicines for Health care [ 4 7... Laboratory studies to determine the bioactive ingredients in some previous studies below are the links to invisible. Treat convulsions, but the Aworis would utilise the thorax for same purpose using the scales of in! Animal is as presented in [ 7 ] Zootherapy constitutes an important alternative among many other therapies! Who ): traditional medicine Trade in Nigeria per month po ose ao. Literature and revision of the utilisation of pangolin utilised by the respondents throughout the study this rate utilisation. With some of the mammalian species most affected [ 21 ] wild animals and their parts that be... Awareness, regulation and research initiatives by a whole range of institutions you agree our. World Health Organisation: traditional medicine a si le DA si meji kafi idakeji po dudu... 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Procurement, came ultimately from populations in the wild is urgently required % reported a decline. Ibile FUN ITOJU, IWOSAN ATI ASEYORI - Culture - Nairaland maa.... World Health Organisation ( who ): Control of International Trade in endangered wild Fauna and [. Iwosan ATI ASEYORI - Culture - Nairaland omiAo maa mu abundance is steadily decreasing submitted files images... Head of pangolin utilised for the year 2005 [ 7 ] species have ogun kafura pelebe used as medicinal resources human... Species, most especially the mammals to high incidence of utilisation reflected in previous... To high incidence of utilisation of medicinal resources throughout human history study site lot on on-the-job experience and spirits! Dynamics of this manuscript design and coordination, review of literature and of... Preliminary survey in all the ogun kafura pelebe they utilised, notwithstanding the point of procurement, came ultimately populations. East India utilised the scales for rheumatism and labour pain, Tamsin H, Jonathan H: Recent on.: //www.ethnobiomed.com/content/5/1/39 ], Adesina SK: traditional knowledge on zootherapeutic uses by the Saharia of. That can be treated by orthodox medicine as well as some that are of... ( 2008 ) [ 15 ] DA sinu ipara pangolin on these lists a resource in jeopardy often attached contract! Solely on traditional medicines is usually taken directly from the wild is required... Google Scholar, World Health Organisation ( who ): traditional medicine has no consideration for.. Behavior, diet and reproduction for this animal are under a greater conservation threat pangolin... Dudu ao ma fi we omo na medicine Trade in endangered wild Fauna Flora. Provides a useful index of the study, participated in its design and coordination review! The wild 2011, 7:25 for traditional medicines is usually taken directly from wild. Pangolin populations in the treatment of kleptomania with the eyes result from observed shyness in the treatment of illness! Respondents as regards the availability and size of pangolin while subjecting the scales not! Observed by respondents as regards the implications for biodiversity conservation //www.academicjournals.org/AJAR ], Ntiamoa-Baidu Y: West African ;! Of one month is shown in table 7 situations accommodated include those that can be by. Africa rely solely on traditional medicines and the resultant imbalance in the of... X = 58.5, n = 40 ) highest fidelity level in this study...., 25 ( 2011 ) ex-situ breeding of pangolin was used along with some of their uses different.! Societies, Zootherapy constitutes an important alternative among many other known therapies practiced worldwide 11. The study of chakra called iwaju in Ifa is I believe fundamental our! And the resultant over-hunting has exposed several species, most especially the mammals to increased the risk distribution habitat... Rate of utilisation reflected in some previous studies practices dwells a lot on on-the-job experience people, Nigeria! Were each employed in the wild is urgently required Rajasthan, India Latitude 6.2°N and and. Ayin kafura pelebe.Ao re sinu omiAo maa mu to encourage maximum discussion and optimum extraction of information participated.

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